The roles of women within the hindu confucian and buddhist societies

The devout benefactress Visakha frequented the monastery decked in all her finery, and accompanied by a maid servant she attended to the needs of the monks.

Women and Confucianism

If one is unwilling the other is free to go provided all property is left behind. But from circumstantial evidence one could surmise that the liberal attitude towards women in Sri Lanka is a trend that has continued from the remote past.

How might such beliefs about men effect them? By custom, aristocratic men and women lived separately. Historically, as Buddhism has travelled, local cultural attitudes toward women have influenced the opportunities provided for women in complex ways, as in denying full ordination to women in Sri Lanka and Tibetan societies.

Patrick Olivelle for example, who is credited with a translation of Manusmriti published by the Oxford University Press, states the concerns in postmodern scholarship about the presumed authenticity and reliability of Manusmriti manuscripts.

This conclusion would take us back to the question of the Buddhist attitude towards women and how it differs from that of other religions. The reverse was true in Sri Lanka where polygamy was unknown except in the royal family, polyandry was practiced though not widespread till recent times.

She whose children all die in the 10th, she who bears only daughters in the 11th, but she who is quarrelsome without delay. The quotes below come from Confucian inspired writings, morality texts, and from sayings based on later interpretations of the Confucian model of the family.

The characterization and treatment of women is mixed in Shastras and Smriti texts of Hinduism. It is not suggested that in any of these countries, Sri Lanka, Burma and Thailand, the women are on a par with the men both in theory and practice.

It is little known that there were societies in Asia where the position of women was a favorable one, judging even from modern standards. In domestic life too she was respected and there is no suggestion of seclusion of women and child marriage.

These examples demonstrate the potentialities for leadership in the Buddhist community in diverse contexts. In its first book, Dushmanta asks Sakuntala above to marry him for love, in Gandharva -style marriage, without the consent of their parents. A more realistic account has been left by Robert Knox who spent 19 years in the company of poor peasants: It is well known that the Buddha consoled king Pasenadi who came to him grieving that his queen, Mallika, had given birth to a daughter.

Tirukkoneri Dasyai, a 15th-century scholar, wrote a commentary on Nammalvar's Tiruvaayamoli, with reference to Vedic texts such as the Taittiriya Yajurveda. The belief in the authenticity of Kulluka's text was openly articulated by Burnellxxix: Furthermore, the Buddha offers advice to married women in the Anguttara Nikaya 7: The Confucian code lays down detailed rules on how men and women should behave in each other's presence.

It gives a mixed picture. And if a man wishes that a learned son should be born to him, and that he should live his full age, then after having prepared boiled rice with meat and butter, they should both eat, being fit to have offspring.

Women in Hinduism

Despite having married her just that day, encouraged by his cousin Gautama BuddhaNanda left his wife to become a bhikkhu in the Buddhist Sangha. There were ways that maturity was demanded of me and having children brought forth that maturity.

These are women and eunuchs.For 2, years Confucian teachings have influenced the thought and behavior of peoples in China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.

A major emphasis of Asian women scholars has been the examination of Confucian ideology on their history and current status. Today, when the role of Women in Society is an issue of worldwide interest it is opportune that we should pause to look at it from a Buddhist perspective.

Women in Buddhism

In the recent past, a number of books have been written on the changing status of women in Hindu and Islamic societies, but with regard to women. Women in Buddhism is a topic that can be approached from varied perspectives including those of theology, history, anthropology and feminism.

Topical interests include the theological status of women, the treatment of women in Buddhist societies at home and in public, the history of women in Buddhism, and a comparison of the experiences of. In two different societies women’s have different roles, in Buddhist societies women are thought o have evolved socially than in Brahmanic societies.

Women lead very different lives in Brahmanic and Buddhist societies. Hindu texts present diverse and conflicting views on the position of women, ranging from feminine leadership as the highest goddess, to limiting her role to an obedient daughter, housewife and mother.

Unit Gender Issues Realize • Diversity of the role and position of women within East Asia • Western media slant on women within Islam • Complementary male/female roles within many.

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The roles of women within the hindu confucian and buddhist societies
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